An unexpected or sudden loss of rhythm in the way our heart beats is referred to as palpitation. Not all palpitations need be symptoms of a serious heart problem. Palpitation might occur occasionally due to fatigue, worry, stress or illness. You might be surprised to hear that a normal heartbeat occurs for as much as 36 million times in a year in our body. There is a possibility of that rhythmic beat of the heart getting slightly disturbed or losing its rhythm, due probably due to any of the above mentioned other conditions such as fatigue, worry, sickness or stress. In technical terms, palpitation is a fluttering or a pounding sensation in your chest, as the heart, due to loss of rhythm, either beats too fast or skips a beat.
There are ways to stop these palpitations at the first instance as soon as they start, and as such, no need for panic.
As soon as you notice an irregular heartbeat, the first thing you can do is to sit down and prop your feet up. Then, breathe slowly and deeply, letting your abdomen expand with each inhalation. If you focus on the slow, steady breathing, there is every possibility that your heartbeat might return to its normal rhythm instantly.
Try to have a few gulps of cold water, as soon as you experience palpitation. This has yielded instant results in most cases, might be due to the fact that the swallowed water causes your esophagus to press against your heart, and that minor “nudge” would help restore the normal rhythm. Or else, one can try splashing ice-cold water on to the face. The shock you get when you splash cold-water in the face might do the trick in restoring the normalcy.
Blowing up a balloon in case you experience palpitation also helps you in restoring the normal rhythm. This has been proved useful for professional singers, who occasionally experience such palpitation ahead of a stage performance in front of a huge crowd, probably due to stage-fear.
Even you can try to cough forcefully, when sensing some sort of palpitation in your heartbeat. Coughing increases the pressure in your chest. A little extra pressure or a nudge is all that one needs to get back the heartbeat to its normal rhythm.
One of the reasons for palpitation is stress. In fact, palpitation is one of the ways the body expresses that you have exceeded the safe range of stress you can withstand in normal course. Having control your stress levels helps you avoid these palpitations in the first instance. Relaxing the mind for at least 30 minutes per day when you are awake, allowing your mind to unwind and refresh, and/or spending some time in meditation are the simple ways in which stress can be kept under control and as such, allow no room for palpitations to occur to your normal heartbeat rhythm.
Having a sound sleep for at least 7 hours in a day is a must for every normal person to lead a quality life, free of stress, fatigue, or palpitations. One can also allocate at least 30 minutes of time for doing some sort of aerobic exercise – not necessarily running, but even walking, jogging are playing games like tennis, for three or four days in a week to keep your energy levels, heartbeat and stress levels under control.