Osteoporosis – causes and preventive measures

Do you feel that your bones are too weak and are prone to fractures even if little or no pressure is applied on your bones?

If the answer is yes, then you are one of those patients suffering from a disease called Osteoporosis.

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become weak and also porous. Faster than expected break-down of cells in the bones and inability or delay in replacing the broken cells of the existing bones or formation of new bones is the primary reason for osteoporosis to affect you.

Many people might not be aware that the bones in our body are remodeling themselves constantly throughout our life. A process of resorption takes place in our bones wherein some of the bone cells that break down or resorbed and new bones are formed replacing the old bones that could not be resorbed.

If there is any breakdown in this process, that is, if some of the bone cells break down and are not replaced by resorbtion or formation of new cells, then the bones become weak and porous and lead to the problem of osteoporosis.

What causes Osteoporosis?

The primary reason for bone weakness or Osteoporosis is lack of hormones – estrogen for women and androgen for men, in the body. In addition to the lack of hormones, deficiency or inadequate intake of Vitamin D and calcium leads to weakness in the body and ultimately lead to Osteoporosis.

It is in the early years, especially in the childhood, that the bones grow, not only in length but also in density. In early adolescence, the growth of the bones in length is finished, that is between the ages 11 to 14, the bones grow in length and after that there is not much growth for bones lengthwise. Between the ages 14 and 20, the bones build density and it is found that peak bone mass is achieved by the age of 20. As soon as a person, either a girl or a boy, achieves the peak bone mass or density, then there is no possibility of improving upon the same.

Preventing osteoporosis

Osteoporosis generally affect a person in the later part of life – may be after 50 years. Women are more prone to contract this disease, especially after the cycle of menopause ends, but, even men are also prone to this disease if not properly taken care of.

It is always better to prevent the disease from affecting you, than taking recourse for medication at a later date.

One should be aware of the importance of the bones and their importance in our body and life right from the early stages and should take adequate steps to keep the bones in a fit and healthy condition right from the early days.

In other words, one can totally avoid the disease of Osteoporosis if he or she takes adequate care of his or her bones in early years.

One way to keep the bones fit and healthy is to do some physical exercises on a daily basis. If those exercises involve some amount of weight-bearing, then it would be better. In addition to exercises to the body that keeps your bones and muscles in fit condition, you should consume adequate quantities of Vitamin D, calcium and phosphorous.

Calcium is the building blocks for bones and phosphorous assists in the formation of the bones. Milk, dairy products, dark green leafy vegetables, soy and rice beverages are found to be rich sources of calcium and phosphorous. One should include these items in your daily intake for ensuring strength to your bones.

According to medical experts, a person aged above 50 years should consume 1,200 mg of calcium per day, a person aged between 19 and 50 should consume about 1,000 mg of calcium and for children aged between 9 and 18, the prescribed calcium intake should be about 1,300 mg.

By consuming calcium and Vitamin D in good amount and also ensuring that you do some sort of exercises regularly throughout your early days of life, you can be rest assured that the problem of Osteoporosis will not contact you.

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