Interesting facts about Moldova

Do you know which country in Europe has the smallest artillery force?

It is one of the new countries in Europe that gained independence in the year 1991. Any guesses?

It is Moldova, a land-locked country in Eastern Europe that declared independence on 27th August 1991 after being under the Soviet Administration since 1940. Since becoming an independent country from 1991, the country enrolled itself as a member of the United Nations in 1992. It also enrolled itself as one of the member countries in various world organizations that include the World Trade Organization or WTO and the Council of Europe.

The country, still considered as one of the poorest countries in Europe, is surrounded by Ukraine in the north, south and eastern sides, while Romania shares its eastern border with Moldova in the west.

The capital city of Moldova is Chisinau, and it is also the largest city in the country. The other major cities in the country include Tighina, Balpi and Tiraspol. The total population in the country, according to the latest estimates is in excess of 4.3 million.

The main ethnic groups living in this country include the Moldovan who account for more than 75% of the total population. The other major ethnic groups living in the country include the Ukranians, the Russians, the Bulgarians and the Gagauz.

More than two-thirds of the people in the country are Orthodox Christians. The rest of the population include Independent Christians, Muslims, Aethists, Protestants and non-religious people.

Another salient feature of this small country is that most of the region is hilly. However, there are only hills and that cannot be categorized as mountains, because of their relatively lesser elevations. The maximum elevation of any of the hills found in the region does not exceed 430 meters or 1,411 feet above the sea level. The highest point among the hills is the country is found in Balanesti Hill.

Moldova is better known for its wines. For many years, the general occupation of majority of people in the country was related to wine making and viticulture. The major and well-established industry in this country is none other than the wine industry. The country has vineyard area of 360,000 acres. Wine produced from more than two-thirds of this vineyard area, equivalent to about 253,000 acres, is used exclusively for commercial production and the wine produced from this area is used for exports.

In addition to wine industry, the other prominent occupation for the people in the county include agriculture – especially fruits and vegetables.

The land-locked country does not have any mineral resources. It has to depend upon Russia for all of its fuel and energy requirements.

Moldova is also the home for one of the largest caves in the world. The cave, situated in Criva, is said to also have the longest underground path.