One of the most popular games that is played mostly by the people in the higher strata of the society as a status symbol and by players in professional competitions is none other than Golf.
This is a game which involves very little of physical strain, but more of precision and technique, requires that a golf player, using different types of golf clubs, to pocket the different holes placed across the golf course with the least number of shots. Typically the game involves pocketing either 9 holes or 18 holes.
It is not quite clear when and where the game of golf originally originated. According to some historians, traces of golf-like game using a bent stick as well as stuffed leather balls was played in Rome in the first century B.C in the name of paganica. This paganica was then spread over to many European countries, including England, when the Romans captured most of the European continent in the first century B.C.
Some other historians are of the view that golf was played in China in the name of chuiwan sometime between the eighth century and the fourteenth century. But the most accepted and widely believed notion about the origins of golf game leads to Scotland, where, sometime during the 12th century, shepherds use to knock stones into some sort of rabbit holes found in St. Andrews, the present golf site owned and maintained by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club.
The game has gained popularity to such an extent that the rules and regulations have been internationally standardized and governed by the United States Golf Association and the R&A, which is spun off as a separate entity from in 2004 from The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews.
The golf course, in which the game is played, typically consists of a large area of greens surrounded by trees. A round of golf game typically comprises of 18 holes, each placed at different levels from the teeing area, the area from which the first stroke with the club is initiated. The number of strokes takes to hole the pot at a prescribed distance determines the points. The player with least number of attempts to pot the hole is determined the winner.