One of the most popular games in the world of sports is Cricket. The game is so popular that it has been declared as the defacto national game of many countries including Barbados, Antigua in the West Indies islands, as well as in cricket playing countries such as India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Australia, and other countries where cricket is widely played and followed.
The game, also referred to as a Gentleman’s game, is first played in the United Kingdom, and the flair of English cricket can still be felt in its originality across the UK and in all other cricketing nations to which the game spread over. Records reveal that the game was first played in the first half of 18th century and the rules of the game were first framed for this game way back in 1744.
The game has gone through different stages and many novelties have been introduced of late. We have Test matches, 4-day matches, 3-day matches, one-day matches, and today even 3-hour games in the form of T20 games.
Whatever may be the format of the game, the rules of the game are the same.
The game is played in a large playground, typically in a round or oval shape. In the center of the ground is the pitch, laid over a strip of 25 to 30 yards. Three sticks are placed on either side of the pitch and the distance between the sticks on either side is 22 yards.
Each team has 11 players. One team takes up batting and the other team takes bowling. Two batsmen from the batting team start the game, with all the 11 players of the fielding team in the ground. One of the two batsmen takes stance near the stumps in the pitch, while the other batsman stands at the opposite end. A player from the fielding side runs from the other side of the pitch and bowls the ball, rolling his hand over the head, to the batsmen. The batsman hits the ball away from the fielders and runs to the other end, while the batsman at the other end comes to the near end. When the two players exchange positions, a run is recorded. Before the batsman gets out in any of the prescribed ways of caught, bowled or run out, he can accumulate runs. If 10 of the 11 players get out, the innings comes to an end and the fielding team takes to batting. At the end of the game, a team which scores more runs and captures all the wickets of the opponent will be declared winner.