Do you know which is the narrowest country in the world?
Do you know which is the longest country in the world?
Well. The answer for both the questions is none other than Chile.
Chile, officially referred to as Republic of Chile, is a prosperous as well as a stable country located in South America. The unique identity of this country is its ribbon-like structure that occupies a narrow coastal strip between the Pacific Ocean in the western side and the Andes Mountain in the eastern side. The maximum width between the Andes Mountain and the Pacific Ocean is never more than 430 kilometers or 265 miles at any point. The average width of the country is approximately 100 miles. The length of the country is in excess of 2,700 miles or 4,300 kilometers.
This vast length of the country coupled with its narrowness is responsible for the varied climate in the country. Chile is the home for the driest desert in the world, the Atacama Desert, located in the northern part of the country. The central part of the country is characterized by Mediterranean climate, while the southern part of the country is characterized by snow-prone climate akin to the Alpines.
The neighboring countries of Chile are Peru in the north, Bolivia in the north east and Argentina in the east. In the southern part of the country lies the Drake Passage.
Yet another interesting geographical feature of Chile is that it is one of the two countries in South America that do not share a border with the largest country in the region, Brazil.
Santiago is the capital city of the country. Nearly 40% of the country’s population of around 16.5 million lives in and around the Greater Santiago region, while more than 85% of the total population in the country live in urban cities concentrated mostly in the central part of the country. The northern region is the home for Atacama Desert also a source for minerals, chief among them being copper.
Ferdinand Magellan discovered the southern passage for this country in the year 1520, and in remembrance of his discovery, the southern passage was named as Strait of Magellan. The Spanish people occupied the territory and were ruling this region for more than 3 centuries. It was in the early 1800s that the native people starting revolting against the Spanish and the country got independence from the Spanish Colonization on September 18, 1810.
The official language in the country is Spanish and the currency is Peso. Christianity is the major religion in the country with more than 70% of Roman Catholics and around 15% of Evangelicals.
Chile is one of the few countries in the world where selling an item to the customer and not giving a receipt for inventory is considered as a crime and punishable.