Do you know which country in African continent is called as “Africa in miniature”?
It is Cameroon, the country located in West Africa is fondly referred to as the “Africa in miniature”. Why is it so called?
Because the country is the home for more than 200 different groups of people divided by linguistics and ethnics. Also the climate and the geographical location of the country is a mirror for the typical climate you find in any place across the continent of Africa. Due to this unique feature representing the cultural, ethnic and geographical situation across the continent, the country of Cameroon rightly deserves to be called as “Africa in miniature”.
Cameroon, officially referred to as the Republic of Cameroon, is a country in the western part of Africa with a population of less than 20 million spread over an area of 183,568 square miles. The country got independence from the French and British domination and celebrated its independence from both the countries on 1st October 1961.
The country shares its international borders with Nigeria in the western side, the Central African Republic in the east, countries such as the Republic of Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea in the south and Chad in the northeastern side. The country also has a coastline in the northern side that includes the Bight of Bigony, the Atlantic Ocean and a part of the Gulf of Guinea.
The official languages spoken in the country are French and English. The capital city of the country is Yaounde. Contrary to other capital cities in most of the countries, Yaounde is not the largest city in the country, but only the capital city. The largest city in the country is the city of Douala, situated on the coast as a major entry point through the country into the rest of the countries.
The traditional religions followed by the people in the country are mostly Christianity and Islam. The currency used in the country is CFA Franc, where CFA stands for Communaute Financiere Africaine. One CFA Franc is further subdivided in to 100 centimes.
Cameroon is one of those countries in the world, which declared itself as a Republic country, but does not have any legislative houses. The President is the head of the State and is vested with broad powers to appoint the Prime Minister and other ministers, legislate the rules and also command the armed forces of the country.
The country is one of the top 10 countries in the Sub-Saharan African continent having a higher per capita GDP. However, as per the latest estimates from the International Agencies, more than 30% of the total population in the country live at less that $1.25 a day.