Do you know which is the oldest nation state in the European Continent?
It is Bulgaria, now officially called as Republic of Bulgaria, situated in the Balkan Peninsula in the south-eastern part of the European continent. The country first got its name Bulgaria in the year 682 A.D derived from the Bulgar tribe of people who came to this country in the 7th century and established the First Bulgarian empire.
At the conclusion of the second world war in 1945, the country declared itself as a communist state and associated itself with the Eastern Bloc of countries at that time. It was in the year 1990 that the country transitioned itself into a democracy and adapted free-market capitalistic economy.
Bulgaria shares its borders with Turkey and Greece in the south, Macedonia and Serbia in the west and Romania in the northern side. Black Sea forms the eastern boundary for this country. The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia, which is also incidentally the largest city in the country, with a population of more than 1.3 million people.
One of the major cities in the country, Plovdiv City, is said to have been built in the 4th Century BC by Philip Macedon.
The landscape of the country is interesting and breathtaking at some places. There are as many as 4,000 mapped caves in the country. The country is also the host for as many as 540 rivers flowing across the country. Most of these rivers end up in the Black Sea in the eastern part. Many of these 540 rivers are very short in distance and also in lower level.
The majority of the population in the country belong to the orthodox Bulgarian type. In addition, Roman Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and Jews also live in this country. Almost all the people in the country know and speak Bulgarian, the official language in the country. In addition, Roma and Turkish languages are also spoken in some parts of the country.
The official currency in Bulgaria is Lev. Bulgaria joined the European Union in January 2007 and was a member of the NATO or he North Atlantic Treaty Organization since 2004. It is t
The education and literacy level in the country is relatively higher. The country has the distinction of becoming the sixth country in the world to have sent its astronaut to the space. Computer literacy and usage is also on the higher stage in this country, which was once referred to as the Silicon Valley of Europe.