Why do Geese fly in a V Formation?

When geese fly they fly in a V formation or a single lin, they are drafting off the one in front with the same way racecar drivers in F1 and Nascar do to pick up speed.  The lead or starting bird helps the others to pick up speed by creating a turbulence wave that helps lift the birds behind the leading bird, which is normally a female. The birds farther back in the formation need less energy to fly so the birds keep switching position to make up for the fatigue. The Wright brothers were inspired by this system for aviation.

Did you know a Geese is a large group of Goose and sometimes people refer to female Goose’s as Geese and male Goose as Gander. The baby birds are called goslings, a group of  Geese on the ground is a gaggle.

Why do we sweaty palms when we’re nervous?

This happens to lots of people, like when your about to ask a girl out or do oral presentation or the times you asked your parents for something expansive. We don’t notice it at first but then lightning strikes and we look at our sweaty palms. You could make a freakin drink with amount of sweat some people get. There is a more deep scientific reason to this than you might think. When our ancestors were in deep trouble they would start sweating from the hands/palms, generally when facing a stronger predator. They would use the moisture in their hands to climb the tree’s to take shelter from the enemy. That is why we have more sweat glands than any part in the body in the palms.

3 Smart Things Plants Can Do

Plants don’t have a brain! But they can do some pretty damn smart stuff, that some humans have trouble doing.

1. Reproduce

They reproduce, who ever said sex is something you don’t need brains to do, is right. The plants use pollen and the pollen goes on a ovum. The pollen is carried by the wind or bee’s. Ovum is the equal of an egg in need of a fertilization. Pollen is like Sperm but the plant equivalent.

2.Respond To Stress

Plants, what would they stress about? Because plants can’t move and they have to depend on good weather. They have some stress signals and tactics for cases like: High Salinity, Heat and Chill.  Though their tactics to survive only work for short periods, if it is a long period stress they die.

3.Plants Can Kill You

Plants can kill you, but there is no need. Some plants produce waste, like the waste you produce but poisonous.  Other plants have toxins that they can release when a prey threatens to eat them. Though these toxins have been used for medical reasons too. Like opium poppies, a deadly alkaloid, it has been used as medicine for long times in form of codeine and morphine.

The Ecological Crisis can Cause Extinction of Human Life

What causes an ecological crisis? An ecological crisis arises when the capacity of an environment, species or population can no longer cope with the imbalance in ecosystem or landscape brought about by their destructive use from human beings.

This can also happen when the quality of the environment is degraded compared to the needs of species due to imbalance of ecology brought about by rise in temperature, destructive practices such as overfishing or less significant rainfalls. This means that the environment becomes unfit for the survival of species or population due to its destructive use or excessive utilization. Lastly, it can also be due to increase in population.

What are the major effects of ecological crisis? The duration of ecological crisis can take a number of years or even a century. It can come in a natural way or in a drastic form created by man. It may be applicable to only 1 kind of specie or it may affect the whole species through an extinction process. An ecological crisis may be concentrated in 1 area such as an oil spill or it could affect the entire universe such as an increase in the water level because of global warming.

Based on the degree of casualty, a local crisis can result to the death of several persons or the extinction of the whole species. The impact of deterioration in the quality of food and their habitat can cause the extinction of 1 or more species attributed to chain reaction.

The consequences of global ecological crisis can be more destructive evidenced by the total extinction of existing species at a given time, as in the case of the dinosaurs. An ecological crisis can sometimes be a favorable phenomenon as it creates a room for new growth and development based on the ecosystem scale. In a few cases, the total extinction of certain species such as the dinosaurs due to ecological imbalance, gave rise to the growth of mammals.

But in the general point of view, the impact of an ecological crisis is more destructive than creative. An ecological crisis can cause extinction to a lot of favored species and can lower the quality of life of the remaining groups of people. Therefore, even if the existence of a specific group of people like the indigenous people is threatened by extinction, this is given some attention by the society in only a short period of time.
More attention is focused on the consequences caused by an ecological crisis such as illness, food shortage, effect on the quality of air, lesser space for dwelling, increase in toxic wastes and threats on endangered species. Lesser attention is given to the roots of all these problems because it seems difficult to accept that mankind is responsible for the creation and rise of an ecological crisis that leads to extinction of life.

In the advent of modern technology and a continuous increase in population, man has more influence on the survival of the environment and life on earth. It depends on his initiative to make ways aimed at creating a balance in ecology if he wants to survive.

The Effects of Greenhouse Gases that Lead to Global Warming

The surface of the earth interacts with solar radiation and a part of this energy is reflected back into the space by the atmosphere of the earth. A portion of this energy is spread out by the molecules in the environment and a bigger portion goes through the earth’s atmosphere and interacts with the surface of the earth. The earth’s surface then absorbs the amount of radiation resulting in global warming.

This solar radiation interacts with the atmosphere once again as it leaves the earth, and some of them go to the space, but a great amount of this energy is reflected back to the earth’s surface by molecules present in the earth’s atmosphere.

Apart from the unfavorable effects of greenhouse gases in global warming, is there any good thing that they provide?

The molecules that reflect the solar radiation back to earth are called greenhouse gases because they trap re-radiated energy like the glass in a greenhouse, but these gases are also responsible for most life on earth. If not because of these gases, the surface temperature of the earth would likely be much colder.

Greenhouse gases keep the heat in like an insulator or blanket above the earth. When the amount of these gases in the atmosphere is increased, the atmosphere’s ability to block the escape of infrared radiation is also increased resulting in thicker earth’s insulator.

Therefore, a great amount of concentrated greenhouse gases can affect the earth’s climate badly thru global warming. Any amount in excess of the minimum requirement for greenhouse concentration is not suited for human life.

A study revealed that there is human influence in attaining the balance of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Many of the greenhouse gases that include carbon dioxide and methane have long duration of stay in the atmosphere, and it could even take centuries for the atmospheric burden to exist.

The level of all greenhouse gases has been increasing and carbon dioxide has the greatest effect on global warming. The release of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to the atmosphere is made much faster due to the works of human beings. Since we are burning billions of tons per year of fossil fuels like oil, coal, natural gas, and their derivatives, then, we are causing the earth’s atmosphere to deteriorate faster. Why is this so?

That’s because the carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere through these wanton activities does not evaporate immediately or even over the period of 1 year. In fact, the duration of stay of these greenhouse gases last for decades or even centuries. It clearly means that the CO2 that we emit today has the tendency to affect the climate of the next generations thru global warming.

However, despite this threat of atmospheric deterioration thru global warming, and widespread recognition of this problem, worldwide emissions of fossil fuels continue to rise at a rate of about 1% per year. These emissions are even expected to increase further as the world moves ahead towards greater industrialization.

Can We Convert All Gasoline Stations to Battery Shops When Electric Cars Dominate the Market?

Electric cars are better for the environment and they are more energy-efficient than the gasoline-fueled vehicles. These cars produce lesser noise than gasoline or diesel-powered vehicles and their overall emissions in the environment are highly acceptable. However, the complexities involved in manufacturing them hinder automakers to make a mass production of these vehicles.

The electric-powered carmakers are assuming that drivers will recharge their cars in their home where it would be easy to find an electrical outlet. The problem is that many of the car owners reside in apartment type of homes where they have no garage to park their cars, so, they park them on the street. Therefore, recharging may pose as a great hindrance for their massive production.

If the owners recharge their cars from a coal plant, it would be harmful to the environment and it would add up to the existing pollution in the greenhouse, ozone and acid rain. Natural gas, nuclear and wind are best alternatives for the gasoline-propelled vehicles but their cost is higher and some of them are harmful to the environment. Electric cars are better for the environment than any kind of combustion engine and the cost of consumption per mile is lower.

The electric cars are cleaner even when they are charged in dirty electricity outlets, because of their high efficiency electric power trains. They don’t consume idle energy at stoplights and they are made up of regenerative braking which is not so difficult to make. Their mechanical parts are also limited which make them more economical to manufacture.

Electricity is available anywhere and its cost is practically lower than fuels, but we have to take into consideration the possible means that owners would prefer to use electricity for their cars. Electric cars use small amount of electrical power, but in general, the average car recharging could overwhelm the whole electrical system. Even if plug-ins suddenly becomes available in recharging stations, it could still result in a power problem.

Let us say 10 drivers in 1 area decide to recharge their cars at the same time, that would extremely affect the power grid in that particular area. In this case, the best solution is to improve first the electrical system in all areas. On the other hand, there have been many critics regarding the use of lead-acid and NiMH batteries in electric cars, ‘though the latest model electric cars are now using Li-Ion which is being abundantly used in laptops and cellphones. Battery recycling programs are now being considered and users are encouraged to use a companion house-top solar panel for recharging during the daytime.

The most significant benefit from the use of electric cars will be the reduced dependence on foreign oil, but the current economic situation is not conducive to buy an electric car because of its prohibitive price for an ordinary citizen.

If the price of electric cars is reduced to a level that can be reached by all people, and the power system is improved in all areas, then, the gasoline stations can be replaced by battery and recharging stations all over the country.

When You Reach 100 years old, will there still be Pollution?

Definitely, and many people will still be much around in 100 years time. There are some kinds of pollutions which cannot be avoided because they are part of human life and as long as there are living things in this planet, they will always be there. Every time there is something to produce to become a finished product, there are always wastes that are left that cause pollution.

Some wastes are produced as a result of making things that we need for a modern and comfortable life ‘though they create toxic waste that is not favorable for human life and add up to pollution. People during the early part of the industrial revolution did not manage the waste properly because there was an abundant room for throwing wastes and this was the easiest thing to do that would not bother anybody.

However recently, we have realized the bad effects of those accumulated wastes that caused health deterioration due to unsanitary use of the environment and wanton disposal of wastes. Today, we are now more careful on how wastes are being handled and disposed of to prevent further deterioration of the environment and widespread pollution.

Since it is no longer allowed to dump trash in the ocean and that no more countries are allowing their areas of jurisdiction to be used as dumping sites, new ideas are coming out to solve the problem on waste disposal.

Some manufacturers are now utilizing lesser amount of packaging materials and in many areas, wastes are now being recycled into new goods. There is a strict implementation now on proper disposal of empty plastic bottles and cans of softdrinks in open spaces. As a result, concerned individuals are gathering these wastes as many as they can and sell them to junk yards or recycling stations.

A special kind of waste which is radioactive and destructive to human beings but does not break into pieces for thousands of years to cause destruction and pollution is now being studied by scientists where to dump in order to isolate it from people and environment.

Water can also be affected by pollution but not all the water on earth is polluted. In other countries, people dig wells into the ground where they depend on for their drinking water. This water has remained unpolluted by human activities except for intentional tainting to cause pollution and use of unsanitary tools to fetch water from the well.

There are concerns also that the harmful effects of pesticides in the rural areas may penetrate through sandy soils towards the well and eventually contaminate the water. Another concern has been brought out that wells can go dry because of too much utilization of water in irrigation systems. But this problem can be solved by the abundance of water during rainy season.

Therefore, to prevent diseases that are caused by drinking contaminated water, people must build water treatment systems. But in poor countries where the cost of attaining one is prohibitive, the risk of contamination from bacteria and agricultural or industrial waste remains a problem. In such cases, water can be purified by filtering, boiling or through the use of chemical treatment in order to be potable thus avoiding pollution.

As Concerned Citizens, How Can You Contribute in Preservation of the Forests?

Deforestation has already reached an alarming stage globally, and if we don’t do something to save the forests, Mother Nature will continuously take its course to bring about global disasters. The earth is now totally plagued by the loss of nature because it remains to be our primary hope in living on this planet. Perhaps unknown to many, huge forests absorb the carbon wastes from the environment mostly produced by man, and they a great source of oxygen for the earth.

The big trees out there have been propagated for so many years and if we take them out, a vital source of our life will be lost, and there is no way of taking them back. These trees hold the soil in the forest to avoid soil erosion and big flooding in lowlands. If we destroy them carelessly, Mother Nature will give us major calamities in return.

You have heard many casualties and destroyed properties caused by big floods in many countries due to deforestation. Large areas of the forests have been destroyed all over the earth and if you scan the satellite assessment of deforested areas, you will see that there are only a few left of the green lands that we used to have.

Preventing wanton deforestation is a major concern these days in many parts of the world, but the means to implement it has remained controversial. The only key for survival of the forests is man, but there has to be a continuous program for orientation of man, giving emphasis to consequences of deforestation rather than financial motives.

Cutting of young trees for use as firewood and charcoal must be totally banned because it does not allow the trees to grow instead, they are cut prematurely. If 100 men cut 500 young trees in a day, just imagine the volume in one year. Big logging companies are involved in cutting of big trees for financial gains. They are not in the forest to preserve trees but to destroy them for money. Some of them are illegal loggers who are backed up by men of authority.

There has to be stiff penalties for people who are personally motivated on the destruction of the forests because if we don’t do that, they might totally vanish one day without our notice.

You can contribute in your own simple ways to preserve the forest by informing authorities of ongoing illegal cutting of trees in your area. Ask people to join you in the “Green Earth Movement”. You can approach your friends and neighbors about your initiative, or join the websites which are concerned on preservation of the environment.

In the absence of a large number of concerned people who have the same kind of interest for the good of humanity, your movement to halt and prevent deforestation could not win. Government support and the citizens’ participation can give a meaningful solution to the crucial problem of deforestation anywhere in the world. Planting of fast-growing trees is the best solution to replace the fallen trees and make the vast deforested areas and barren lands productive.

10 Proven Effective Ways of Preserving the Environment

Preserving the environment can happen anywhere; at home, at work or while enjoying outdoor activities. If you are thinking on where to start best in preserving the environment project, choose your home as top priority as this is the place where you can save a lot of money and at the same time preserving the environment.

Is it necessary to involve the kids in preserving the earth? Involving your kids in this kind of project is favorable because they can learn a lot from their parents about the importance of saving the environment than anywhere else. Certainly, kids want to participate in this kind of activity if they are given the chance.

There are many ways in preserving the environment and we don’t really need modern equipment to do it because in using them, they just add up to the long term bad effects towards the earth. If you want to teach your kids on how to take care of the environment, you need to learn some important ways in preserving the environment that you can pass on to your kids.

Since children usually do not want something to be enforced on them, try to make it appear as fun and excitement as means of preserving the environment. When you start the project at home with the kids, you have to practice some basic principles which will help in attaining a good start.

Then, what are these simple ways in preserving the environment? Always close the tap while brushing your teeth. Don’t forget to turn the lights off after you finish using the room. Practice putting all cans, paper products and plastic containers into the recycling container instead of the trash can.

Begin recycling materials such as plastic bottles, newspapers, magazines, clothing and other recyclables. Avoid standing too long in front of the refrigerator while the door is kept open to look for stuff available. We can adopt modern technology in preserving the environment such as ways adaptable for “Green Living” or in simple terms, conserving the earth.

A good example of this is regulating carbon emission from vehicles and some home equipment. Anything that people do involves energy consumption like eating, watering the garden, heating homes and driving cars. Anything people purchase requires manufacturing and shipping that consume energy and produce wastes. Therefore, it’s best to consume less and be sensitive on all your decisions in everyday life that heighten the total human impact on the earth.

Reduce global population by having fewer children. The intense pressure on the use of the earth’s resources is increased by the rising human population which is unfavorable for the earth.

Prefer to have a smaller or hybrid car that consumes less energy. You can support international agreements geared towards limitation of greenhouse gases by reducing your own energy consumption.

Harness your life by purchasing organic food directly from the growers as a way to support small farms and promote biodiversity. This way, you avoid the harmful effects of pesticides spawn on the agricultural products that you buy which is also damaging to the environment of the earth.

Save on the use of water inside and outside your home, especially in the garden. Remember that availability of potable water is becoming an enormous global crisis so in this way, you help in preserving the resources of the earth.

5 Ways to Restore Ecosystems Damaged by Mining

Mining is not a permanent land use but its long years of operation results to the release of heavy metals and dangerous acids that lead to destruction of plants and trees in an ecosystem. Because of these toxins, it is very difficult to restore ecosystems back to life.

Restoring ecology is the process of putting an ecosystem back to life from a traumatic experience in activities like mining. There is an extreme need to siphon the toxins out of the soil left by mining operations to save the ground from infertility. This can be done by planting shrubs fitted to save the damaged ecosystem and to enhance the growth of other plant species in the mining areas.

Part of ecosystems restoration is scraping the topsoil before mining operations begin and then reintegrating it into an ecosystem. The top soil is made up of a thin layer but it contains a lot of minerals needed for the restoration and survival of the mining area.

An important way to restore the ecosystem is by identifying the acidic rocks in a mining area because they are very destructive to the environment due to their high level of toxic components. Since these rocks release heavy metals, they can be neutralized by combining them with non-acid rocks in a specific area in preparation for the growing of plants.

The availability of modern techniques and technology can restore an ecosystem damaged by mining in a span of only 5 years. In restoring the ecosystem back to life, there is a need to orient and equip the stakeholders in the mining industry to implement responsible mining by preserving the land instead of leaving a barren landscape. This is in fact a solution to some of the problems related to the environment.

On the other hand, programs aimed at restoring the lands damaged by gravel and sand mining are now widespread globally, but the high costs involved to restore them remain an obstacle. However, a new study revealed a significant hope that these damaged lands can still be restored effectively within a number of years at minimal cost.

Based on the research, damaged sites can be restored even without extreme human efforts just by intensive re-vegetation. This process enables the plants from surrounding areas of disused gravel-sand pits to move in and establish roots on their own. The abandoned mines will restore themselves within a period of 25 years in a natural way.

These research findings, however, have created major setbacks for their immediate implementation around the world.

Debates on the relative costs and benefits to restore ecosystems are ongoing on the grounds that concerned agencies could not believe that the projects will not require too much human interference. They also doubt the veracity of the evidence that intensive re-vegetation based on this study does not need heavy financial considerations.

In these reclamation projects, there is no need to use expensive technology because we can just depend on spontaneous succession in re-vegetation. It is just a matter of preserving some leftovers of natural vegetation during and after mining operations to use as sources of seeds to restore ecosystems.