5 Worst Natural Disasters in History

A natural disaster affects human beings, as consequences of the hazards of nature. Some are volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides and many others, leading to the loss of millions, in the number of lives taken. Because of the lack of recording from the distant past, there are not as many facts about them, but we will do our best to show the worst five in history.

Earthquakes

1. Between 1811 and 1812, there were three earthquakes, called New Madrid, taking place in Missouri and some of the worst ever recorded in the United States history. The after effects were felt as far north as Boston, with the magnitudes estimated at 7.8. The population was not as dense as it is today, very sparse, so the damage was considered to be fairly light. Now that the area is far more populated, there is always the residing fear of what could happen again, anytime in the future.

2. Approximately 830,000 people died in 1556 in Shaanxi, China, because of an earthquake. 97 counties were affected, sixty percent of the people were killed in some counties, with 520 miles of land being completely destroyed. Many of the people of that time, lived in caves on the side of the cliffs, so they collapsed during the earthquake. Aftershocks continued to be felt up to six months later. Estimates done now estimated the magnitude to be about 8 on the scale. Disaster struck suddenly.

Floods

3. The Yellow River Flood of China took place in 1931, also known as Huang He flood, and is considered to be the worst natural disaster recorded in history, because of the number of lives taken, especially of the twentieth century. There were estimates to be between 1-4 million people killed. This number was due to many causes, some to drowning, others to disease, drought and famine which would come later.

Between July and November of that year, great quantities of land were flooded, possibly 88 thousand square kilometers, with another 21 thousand square kilometers partially flooded areas. This particular river has had a nickname, Chinas’ Sorrow, due to the great numbers of people who have been killed because of the flooding of it over and over again.

Cyclones

4. The tropical cyclone called Bhola of East Pakistan, now known as Bangladesh, took place on November 12, in the year 1970. The day before, the cyclone intensified into a huge storm and then started to turn on its way to the bay. Winds reached up to 115 miles per hour later on and then touched down on the coastline about the same time as high tide.

In these modern times, it is known to be one of the deadliest natural disasters. The storm surge flooded the whole lower lying islands of the Delta Ganges, killing up to 500,000 people.

5. In India, in the year1839, a tidal wave which reached 40 feet, caused a cyclone which totally wiped out the town of Coringa and to this say, that town has not been totally rebuilt. Nearly 300,000 people lost their lives, and 20,000 ships were totally destroyed that day.

If you want to read about some intriguing facts about what nature has to offer then check our science fun facts.

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