10 differences between a newspaper and a Magazine

3216916199_7c2ee3cdde

I am currently bound to write about the difference between two (2) supposedly similar things.  Impossible?  At a glace, it may look and sound like it is but a careful use of some methods or lines of thinking would probably squeeze a scientist or a Moses out of us.  It is so rare that we all have to experience these tight but worth learning situations as it proposes a deeper sense of understanding and sometimes result into more perplexed and complicated ideas which only the mind could answer.  More complications also arise if the knowledge is short of what is expected.  Below are discussions on a simple but rather difficult question or topic.  Let’s divulge into differentiating a newspaper and a magazines.  Parting both ends has to be practical and had to be done on a more skeptical way.  In this manner, I’ve listed down ten (10) differences between these two media factors.

Quick history

The Newspaper began its roots as early as Julius Caesar times.  During that time, it was regarded as those scrolls read in front of the public to inform them of important happenings and events.  Its first recorded account was as early as 59 B.C. and the name of the first newspaper was Acta Diurna.   The magazine had its share of the limelight as early as the 18th century.  They were first published as forms of leisure.  The usage of the term magazine came from some 1730s publication “Gentleman’s Magazine”.

And now, on to our main discussion.  These are not in any way arranged and one factor can be attributable to the other and are all done on an ordinary man’s perspective and analysis.

1.  Size. –

It is quite obvious that the newspapers are larger than magazines in more ways than one.  It is a general idea that even our Journalism books and professors have taught us that the newspaper is bigger than magazines.  Various amounts of information are to be placed and compacted on a newspaper so it really does need to be a little bigger than magazines.  It is seldom or maybe a rare occasion do we see a magazines that is as big as a newspapers or the other way around unless the newspapers is of a tabloid-type.  A magazine tends to have a “book-type” size while the newspaper is really meant to be spread arms length in order for the reader to grasp its contents to the full.

2.  Appearance. –

When we talk of appearance, we also consider the color, the texture and how appealing it is.  In this case, the newspapers tend to appear colorless than magazines, which on the other hand are mostly successful in terms of appealing thru the use of colors.  The advertisements on the newspapers tend to use more of the space than those in magazines which seems to be limited.  The overall color of newspapers gives an impression of something firm and strong whereas it is quite less of those in magazines.  Magazines’ appearances or looks tend to give light or emphasis to the given subject matter.  Full of colors as it is, pictures on it gives a certain life to the magazine whereas the absence of pictures on a newspaper brings out its “no nonsense” aura.

3.  Divisions. –

A large difference can be easily seen in this factor as the newspapers presents immediately in its front page the facts and information for its readers while the magazines’ cover page focuses on the various “must-read” pieces of information and appeals to the readers to turn that page and look for that specific story.  Divisions inside the newspapers are more specific and tend to vary from one subject matter to another.  Magazines’ main target otherwise is on a single or maybe two subject matters alone. In newspapers, there’s business, sports, local and foreign news, whereas the magazines does not have and rarely do have them.  The newspapers are more versatile in its division than magazines.

4.  Style. –

Style plays a major role between these two as the newspapers focuses more of what is needed: fixed and straight to the point.  The magazines on the other hand tend to be more “freestyle” in the sense.  The information throws up into various dimensions in magazines.  They are more relaxed and practices well on the freedom that they are given.

5.  Content. –

This factor is also very obvious.  What the newspapers basically offers are information that are fresh written on a straight and no-none sense type.  It is based mostly on facts that are fresh and written as it happens, where it happens.  Magazines’ content is different in the sense that those touches on just a specific subject matter.  A magazine for fishing cannot have a content which talks about fashion and beauty tips.  Newspapers can easily put those topics together easily inside its miscellaneous or hobby section and still makes sense.  The value of each content are also different as the newspaper tends to rely more on what is important and what are those things that the reader would want all written in a precise and straight manner.  Content wise, the newspapers’ are way too serious than of the magazines’.

6.  Readability. –

This factor can easily be explained.  What comes to mind when asked about newspapers?  How about magazines?  A newspapers reader is mostly exposed on facts and figures that are delivered or written in a straight manner as if your angry boss is talking you.  A magazines reader is treated to a more relaxed, free, artistic and “personalized” flow of information.  A magazines writer tends to practice his or her writing craft more freely than a newspapers writer.  This is also considering the fact that writing no-no’s for newspapers are much strict than those of magazines.  And since newspapers most content are news, much of it won’t be of any use by the next day unlike magazines which you can read anytime even after a week.  The newspaper is as good as one day use unlike the magazine which has to wait for its next issue to be considered that old.

7.   Profitability. –

Business wise, both tend to attract advertising but in doing so, magazines has some stiff advantage over newspapers.  Advertisements in magazines tend to attract a “recall value” among its readers since they look much appealing and colorful with all their glossy pages.  On the other hand, newspaper’s asset in this factor dwells more of its availability.  Being given the fact that newspapers are circulated on a daily basis gives us the notion that the same sells more than the weekly magazines.  Publishers of both admits it very well that its more costly to print a magazines than a newspapers because magazines entails careful processing on the right colors and its paper texture tends to be a little costly.  Additionally, advertising on a magazine is way too costly than on a newspaper.  Magazines at times, although not most of, tend to dwell more on the advertising than the informing aspect.  Our dailies on the other hand do the opposite most of the times

8.  Availability.

With the way our world economics and finances are behaving right now, it is important to note things that matters, especially money.  Money-wise, a newspaper stands edges the magazine in terms of price.  But the funny thing is, it is not normal to see both being sold at a certain stall or stand.  Magazines are commonly found at bookstores, magazine stores (of course), while newspapers can be easily accessed on a newsstand nearby or on a store just around the block.  Newspapers are everywhere and its availability is much higher than of the magazines.

9.  Target Audience. –

This is actually simplifying the Content difference that we mentioned above.  Obviously, newspaper targets everyone as its readers from the Pope to the troubadour nearby.  It has a “sky is the limit” type of target audience.  Magazines also follow that trend type but what they do is classify them.  It deals more on the identity of the audience.  A sports magazine cannot be that appealing to a reader who’s so fond of tech stuffs.  A magazine audience is more identified than of the newspaper.

10.  Literary freedom. –

As also touched on some factors above, a magazine writer has more freedom to express or has more room for subjectivity.  Magazine writers have the tenacity and freedom to express things on a creative manner.  It further enhances the writers’ mastery of the expression by imploring these seemingly circular methods of self expression.  The newspaper writer on the other hand are compounded to a somewhat strict, strong and straight to the point view as their movements are mostly based on facts and figures.

Admittingly, a simple person would not want to at least converse about these matters as it is obviously confusing.  They are both similar on more ways than the other.  The important thing here is that we all have to accept the reality that one is committed to the other.  We all should be grateful that the dissemination of facts and information, the freedom to express one’s self, the ability to reach mankind even to its smallest level isn’t barred or confined within the four corners of the academe but is likewise, reachable, readable and accessible in every means possible.  Newspapers and magazines are just few of the common information alleys.  Nowadays there are e-books, blogs, news and magazine websites, etc. that can easily be accessed.  It’s just a matter of choosing the right mean to suit each one’s needs.

Animal Odd Facts

503250369_8cbfda5e84

As the Roman Catholic Bible would narrate the beginning of life as well as of the world, human beings were created and co-existed with plants and animals.  We can immediately draw some wild guesses that the closeness between human beings and animals can be attributed to the length of their being together.  This marvelous bond between these creations have indeed come a long way and is surpringsingly great for this pact still exists amongst the modern virtual realities that are happening right now.

It is always amazing to see the happy people going round and about inside a zoo.  Children in particular are awed by the sight of such cute and huge animals.  They emit a certain glow once given a trip to their favorite zoo or pet shop.  A mere sight of a bird brightens up a kid’s day.  Grown-ups too are always in a learning mode each time an animal documentary is on the television.  Various advocates are currently into this “animal preservation” stuffs. Our leaders in the government continue to provide laws to fight the extinction of rare ones. Millions of experts are continuously discovering facts about animals every single day.  An angle or theory that involves the animals is always present in our science laboratories and books.  In a sense, a house without a pet cannot be considered a home.

Animals are probably the next best thing to human beings when it comes to the idea of existence and such other aspects.  Unfortunately, these animals are among those who have been continually victimized by selfish and abusive people.  The animals have been suffering long enough because of man’s “inhuman” activities.  Wide varieties of those are fast becoming rare due to extinction.  But before humanity’s next generation comes along, it would be at least, on our own little way preserve vital information on them and share the same as those next in line may not see and enjoy them anymore. (knock on wood…)

I was fortunate enough to visit some cyber zoos and gather some interesting, odd and funny stuffs about our favorite animals.  You may have already known some but it may be a new fact to others, so here it goes… (Let’s pretend that we are all on our first zoo trip and try to classify the animals according to what’s in front of us – in random)

Do you know that…….;

1519584867_c3c9078f5b

A.  Birds and anything that flies

  • The eye of the ostrich’s is much bigger than its brain (poor bird);
  • Nectar bats is recorded to have longest tongue amongst all mammals;
  • A total of 14 feet worms is just enough for a baby robin’s day;
  • Singapore is home to the world’s largest bird;
  • White eggs are what all owls produce;
  • The kiwi cannot fly and lays only a single egg yearly;
  • The Americans tried to train bats in World War II to drop bombs (then came batman….maybe);
  • Some birds from South America do breed in the summer in Canada;
  • When exiting a cave, bats always do turn left (one way, I guess);
  • Birds cannot go into outer space as they will die of choking (leave it to superman);
  • An additional pigeon must always be present when a female is about to lay eggs;
  • The feathers of a pigeon weigh more than its bones.
  • You can find 40 different muscles in a bird’s wing (now that’s a lot!).
  • Amongst any other bird, the Woodpeckers have longer tongues;
  • A “quack” (duck) does not echo; (hey Donald, you mind explaining this?);
  • Most bird’s babies are born with their eyes open;
  • The Flamingos live up to as long as 80 years.
  • The Philippines’ “Kalaw” bird makes a load noise each noon and known as the clock of the mountains; and,
  • Hens does not have any teeth;

B.  Mammals

3162598529_d1eea9df10

  • The sometimes pesky rats cannot actually burp;
  • The only dog that is capable of getting gout is the Dalmatian;
  • Speaking of rats, their babies are called “pinkies”;
  • Some of the no-no’s to a dog as it is considered toxic is the Macadamia nuts;
  • The largest cat in the world is the Siberian Tiger;
  • 70% of a cat’s day is mostly spent on sleeping;
  • Koala bears and humans has one thing in common – their fingerprints can be mistakenly recognized;
  • Rabbits don’t and cannot vomit;
  • The ears of the elephant are used actually used to regulate its body temperature;
  • And these large mammals (elephants) do also cry;
  • During ancient times, captains of the ships maintain pigs on board (lucky charm?);
  • All mammals actually have tongues;
  • To protect themselves from sand in the deserts, Camels has three eyelids;
  • The actual length of a giraffe’s tongue is 18 to 20 inches long (tongue twister?);
  • A mere blink of a dog shows that he’s being friendly;
  • A strand of a Reindeer’s hair is as hollow as a tube;
  • It was in 1773 that the kangaroo’s first picture was seen;
  • They usually kept some cats in the Tower of London – Lions;
  • Bulls are basically colorblind and it is not the color that the matadors’ wave that makes them angry.  Its actually the matador’s motion;
  • One of the koala’s ancestors is the wombat;
  • And these animals actually spends 18 hours a day sleeping;
  • There are actually eight existing bear species all over the world;
  • Hippos are killer animals and have killed more African people than any other wild animal;
  • Hippos’ real name meaning is “river horse”;
  • A horse eats more of his weight.  A 1200-pound horse will eat about 7 times of his own weight yearly (Wow, that’s what I call an appetite!);
  • Apart from using it for its body temperature, the Elephant’s ear is so unique and can actually be used to identify fingerprints (take a look at this FBI guys);
  • Talk about maturity, the Elephants, by the time they are 13 or 14 years old, are believed to have reached their puberty;
  • It’s amazing that Cows really don’t have any upper front teeth;
  • Wild cats have scattered its 36 species all around the world; and,
  • An Elephant’s death is not caused by its old age but by his hunger (It’s feeding time!);

C.  Fishes and others that swim

2593537158_485ac83d58

  • Try this if you want:  hide a Goldfish in a room that is dark and the humble fish will eventually turn into white (Magic!);
  • The seahorse has approximately 35 species;
  • How loud a blue whale shouts – 188 decibels or more (Shhhhh!);
  • Pacific salmon has five species (delicious!);
  • Jaws’ killer whale can actually swim at a speed 50km/h or more;
  • 27,000 – number of taste buds that a catfish has;
  • The expensive Lobster was believed to be a food for poor people back then;
  • Talk about readiness, the Parrotfish have their own sleeping bags for them to doze on anytime they feel like;
  • Fish scales are the common ingredient present on some lipsticks;
  • Not all jellyfish has brains (they do?);
  • Shrimps are all born as males but some of them eventually grow to be females (sex change?);
  • The heart of a blue whale actually beats nine times per minute;
  • Man does not know that sharks cannot get sick of cancer;
  • It takes about two days out of the water before a climbing perch fish die;
  • For a shrimp, empty his head and you’ll get his heart;
  • Dissect a Starfish and you’ll find no brain; and,
  • But it can actually re-grow a torn arm (of the five?);

D.  Reptiles

530562626_65910f75d2_m

  • The chameleons has tongues that are much longer than its body length;
  • “A terrible lizard”.  That’s what the word “dinosaur”  (Greek) actually means;
  • In swallowing large amounts of food, Kermit and his likes actually use their eyeballs (and the tongue for seeing?);
  • You can make faces with a croc as it cannot stick its tongue out in return;
  • Giving birth to as close as 200 is one of Puff Adder Snake’s amazing abilities (Better get her some nannies!);
  • The world’s largest Crocodile Farm can be found in Thailand;
  • With a slight resemblance to humans, Snakes are believed to continue to grow until the day they die;
  • New Zealand’s Tuatara lizards have three eyes.  Two at the center of the head and one at the top;
  • Arizona’s Gopher Snake are not poisonous but can imitate the hiss that a rattlesnake makes (copycat!);
  • A mallet chipping rock and a tinkling bell – that’s how a tree frog croak sound like;
  • The Caribbean islands lizard is 16-millimeter in length, the smallest reptile in the world;
  • Approximately two weeks is all it takes for the sloth to digest their food.

E.  Tiny little creatures (these one’s are noteworthy of their cruelties and killer instincts)

874599306_24b41cdcb9

  • The lovely Butterflies actually has their sense of taste in their feet;
  • The praying mantis’ mating process starts with the female ripping her mate’s head off. (Ouch!) This is a fact because the male cannot “do” it with its head attached to his body (Shy, perhaps!);
  • A Person who is sensitive can be easily killed by Fire Ants (small wonders!);
  • Never let a honey bee sting you because the same dies after stinging;
  • It is true that Spiderman’s ancestors as well as himself, are not insects after all;
  • More the king sprees…The Black Widow female spider oftentimes devours on the male ones after mating;
  • “White man’s flies” are what the Indians call the Honey bees during those times.

There you are, a rundown on some of the millions of fascinating facts about our favorite animals, pets and not so “pet-table” creatures that have been together with us since time immemorial.  And please remember and always bear in mind to be kind to animals, please.

Why do we call prostitutes hookers

Prostitution is a term used to refer to the act of doing sexual activities in exchange for goods or money.  There are a lot of issues regarding the morality and ethics of prostitution, as well as the legal and social matters.  The physical and mental health of prostitutes is also a concern.

Although prostitution is illegal in some places, and even punishable by death in Sudan, many countries all over the world have different takes on prostitution.  In some jurisdictions, prostitution is legalized, but strictly regulated, in order to control the spreading of sexually transmitted diseases and to reduce sexual slavery.  There are also some places where prostitution is completely legalized, and prostitutes are treated as legal tax-paying workers.

But in whatever place you might be in, there’s no denying that prostitution exists.  In fact, it has even been dubbed as “the world’s oldest profession.”  Today, many terms are used to call the prostitutes, including escort, whore, streetwalker, call girl, and hooker.  Terms like sex trade worker and commercial sex worker are also being used as an alternative, to remove the social stigma often associated with prostitution.

But where do these terms come from?  And how did it come to refer to prostitutes? Why do people today call prostitutes hookers?  Little is known about the origins of these terms, but there are many stories that could probably give reasons as to how the prostitutes are now called different names.

For a lot of people, prostitutes are called hookers for the obvious reason.  They are called “hookers” because of the nature of their profession.  Because they constantly “hook up” with their clients or customers, they are thus named as “hookers.”  Hook up is a slang that when used as a verb, means to engage in sexual acts, although not necessarily intercourse.  It could also mean meeting someone.

Another myth is that Union General Joseph Hooker kept a “reserve” of prostitutes and was often called “Hooker’s reserves” or “Hooker’s division” by his camp followers.  However, this is not true, since the term “hooker” was already used even before the American Civil War.

It is said that its use was first recorded in the year 1845 to refer to a part of New York that was known as “the Hook,” where many prostitutes could be found.

There are a lot of tales as to how people nowadays refer to prostitutes as hookers.  The next time someone asks you about it, now you can share an interesting piece of trivia about how prostitutes got the name “hookers.”

Stop The World and Let Me Off

We keep spinning and spinning. It is interminable. We spin around on this globe, which itself is hurtling through the air spinning around the sun. The we have a sun which itself is not stationary, but spins its own course, with the other solar systems around the center of the Galaxy. This particular galaxy, our milky way, also rotates and moves toward some unseen end, farther and farther from its brother galaxies. Its all about spinning and movement with this universe. Constant and unstoppable.

So, what would happen if it all just stopped?

You have undoubtedly heard someone use the phrase, mentioned as the title, “Stop the world and let me off!” It is usually uttered in time of stress and literally means, “I want out of this situation!” Whatever situation that is the current stressor. But I believe that the stress would be amped unimaginably if the world really did stop in its rotation and let someone off at their command.

Why does the Earth rotate? I have read a lot on the issue and the consensus seems to be initial angular momentum. Now to explain that. Every body in the universe is spinning at some rate, or has some amount of angular momentum (six of one a half dozen of the other.) when our solar system was a dense, matter-packed cloud it had a very slow spin. However, as that cloud collapsed its spin increased. Why? Well lets take a simple example. A skater starts a spin with arms extended. This has a relatively slow spin rate, but as the skater (I would have used the pronoun she here, but that would have been sexist) raises their arms the rate of spin increases. When the arms are fully extended, the skater has reached aver quick maximum velocity. Okay back to the solar system as this dense, light year across cloud, with a slow rate of spin collapsed (i.e., the over all radius decreased) the spin of the individual bodies within it increased. And thus we have the very fast rate of spin of our Earth.

Another interesting fact is that the Earth continues to spin. Why doesn’t it stop the same way that spinning things cease here on Earth. In space there is very little resistance (we could say none, but that would probably be inaccurate.) So little resistance in fact as to be immeasurable. Therefore when something is set spinning, as was above explained, it has nothing to stop it. Here on Earth something would need constant encouragement to spin indefinitely. There would have to be some type of motor. In space you don’t have to have Atlas spinning the Earth like a basketball, and constantly resupplying the motive force. One initial push is enough.

Why do we say When in Rome Do as the Romans do

We often hear the sentence, “When in Rome, Do as the Romans Do,” especially when we are visiting foreign places that we don’t know much about.  A lot of tourists or first time visitors of a country might not know the customs and traditions of another country, and this might lead to confusion as to how to behave or act.

In extreme cases, people who don’t know about another country’s culture might end up doing acts or saying things that are otherwise deemed as insulting or offensive to the foreign country’s practices and beliefs.  That’s why we are often advised with the saying, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”

This statement is a popular expression that means when you are visiting a foreign country, you should also act similar to how the people in that certain country act.  This is to avoid conflicts or arguments that could arise along the way.

Because of its popularity, it has been used often by people, and in everyday conversations it has even been shortened to “When in Rome…” to refer to the full expression “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”  And, it doesn’t necessarily have to be used in the context of visiting another country, but can be used in other similar situations as well.

Although a lot of us know the meaning of “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”, and many have used this expression, there are only a few individuals who know the origins of this phrase.

Questions arise on how this statement came to be, and why Rome became the city used in this expression.

Even if there are no certain origins of this statement, a lot of stories have developed on how the expression came to be.

When St. Augustine asked St. Ambrose to go to Rome on a mission, St. Ambrose became concerned on which holy day to follow, because the Romans fasted on another day than was his tradition.  St. Augustine then advised St. Ambrose wisely, saying “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”

Up to now, the wise advice still lives on, and is being used as a popular expression on how people should behave when visiting another country, in respect to that country’s culture and tradition.

So now, when somebody says “When in Rome, do as the Romans do,” or when asked where the said expression got its origins, you’ll have an idea of how it came to be.

The City of Fountains

It is a widely held belief that the world city with the most fountains is Rome. That is a false convention. Kansas City has surpassed the former City of Fountains in number, and though the fountains are impressive, they are far from the only sight that graces Kansas City.

The Country Club Plaza and Crown Center adorn a downtown area which is rich in shopping and upscale hotels and entertainment. A walking tour of the plaza area yields a multitude of shops and restaurants that rival the best such establishments in any city. Though the entertainment areas are not as large as they are in some cities, it is an enjoyable experience to stroll the paths of either the plaza or Crown Center, and be engaged with Midwestern charm and politeness.

The city offers two major sports teams, the Royals baseball team and the Chiefs in the NFL. Though both teams have had some hard seasons of late, the city has continued to support them with projects that have significantly revitalized both stadiums. Besides the major league sports Kansas City offers NCAA division one sports teams, minor league hockey and baseball, and professional soccer. All of the venues have remained affordable, and public transportation and a well thought out highway system make ingress to and egress from the venues a pleasure.

Kansas city also boasts two major airports. KCI is situated away from downtown, but is only a short twenty minutes away. And while midtown airport doesn’t accept the amount of large jet traffic that KCI does, it is the ideal way for business people to privately enter the city. Midtown is only five minutes from downtown.

The Kansas City Zoo has been undergoing a makeover for many years. The attractions have been enlarged and the exhibits have a more natural flair. The cost to visit is still very minimal making it a favorite destination for families from around the Midwest.

However, Kansas City is famous for one thing – barbeque. Kansas City style barbeque has long been accepted as the king. With myriad restaurants, from very upscale providers to outdoor mom and pop operations. The city and surrounding area offer many opportunities to sample the celebrated fare. Ask any native and they can tell you the best restaurants to visit and the best dishes to sample. A big local favorite is burnt tips which are the heavily sauced extra crispy end pieces of barbeque pork. Nothing tastes better in the barbeque universe.

Among other attractions unique to Kansas City, the Negro League Baseball and the Steamboat Arabia Museums are two of the most popular. The Negro League Baseball Museum was started in the early 1990’s and is located in the KC jazz district. The Steamboat Arabia Museum features artifacts of a steamboat that sank on the Missouri river in 1856.

Hollywood Fun Facts

It is true that all work and no play makes a man dull.  One cannot be always confined in the academic and professional world.  A person must have some form of relaxation or a way to unwind and get away from all the worries that the world brings.  One way or form of “transcending” yourself from your usual day activities is treating yourself or entertaining by reading some books and magazines, watching television, or maybe a movie.  And there is nothing so interesting, exciting, fun and relaxing to watch than a good Hollywood-made movie.  What’s so “intriguing” about Hollywood?  Let’s all find out….

History. Hollywood is one of the many districts that compose Los Angeles in the US.  The same is also considered one of the busiest places in the world.  It is most often called the motion picture industry capital of the United States.  “Tinseltown” as some would describe it; Hollywood traces its rose to stardom as early as 1906.  It was then that the “Rose City Line” (a streetcar line constructed in the middle of the district) route that gave way to the growth and development of Hollywood.  If you’re trying to reach the place, there’s a slim chance for you not to miss it because of that ever famous Hollywood sign.  It was a real estate man by the name of Harry Chandler who put that gigantic sign to advertise “Hollywoodland”.  This sign took him an exact $21,000 in expense and that the advertisement would only be good for eighteen (18) months.  1939 was the year when the sign was finally illuminated by four thousand bulbs with an assigned person on it to take care of its maintenance.  The letters L, A, N and D were removed in 1949.  The sign has been in that same spot for almost 80 years.

Golden Era. Experts and historians alike say that the “boom” period or the Golden Era when Hollywood became “Hollywood” was during the 1930’s and 1940’s.  It was the film industry’s rendezvous point as other countries have suffered tremendous economic problems during the World War.  These events gave rise to Hollywood’s commercial success.  The glamour and the spotlight of the film industry then was on Germany but it shifted since the US was less tormented in the war.

Throughout the 1930’s and 1940’s, Hollywood house hold names would include stars such as Clark Gable, Judy Garland, Bette Davis, Ronald Reagan (yes, the President), Liz Taylor and many more. This era also marked the rising of big and wealthy film producers and studios like the 20th Century Fox, MGM, Universal and Paramount.  There were approximately 7,000 films were made during this period as it was believed that more than 75 million people queue to see at least one movie a week. (Including the paparazzis!)

The Second World War threat became an opportunity for big-time film makers because these were the times that films with a “patriotic” ideology were made.  These films were made as a medium to bond each one during these rather frightening years.  There were also short documentaries made during this time aside from the above film mood.  It was also during this time that famous comic duos and comedy flicks rose to stardom.  The western “cowboy” settings in movies were also a favorite during this era.  However, the release of this movies in the later part of the era were less watched and admired by the fans as they were now busy with the emergence of another form of entertainment that is very much alike the movies – the television.

Hollywood’s interesting Landmarks. Hollywood is not just famous for its glamorous and extravagant aura in the world of film making.  It is likewise known for some worth-visiting landmarks.  Hollywood is home to the Celebrity Graves and Celebrity Houses as well.  There is also the Hollywood Bowl (an amphitheater for music performances).  Near to this is the ever historical “Barn”.  It is believed that the world’s full length movie was recorded inside it.  It is also houses the Hollywood Heritage Museum.  The famous Hollywood Hotel is also a must-see destination because it is where the elite members of the showbiz industry of then and now gather to have lunch or dinner.

How can Hollywood be complete without its theaters?  There is the monumental Grauman’s Chinese Theater.  As one of Hollywood’s famous tourist attractions, the Chinese theater houses a handful of Chinese artifacts.  On one of its portions, you will find the foot and hand prints of some of movie world’s icons and legends such as that of Marilyn Monroe and John Wayne.

Live shows and world premieres are commonly staged at Hollywood’s El Capitan Theater.  At the heart of our “tinsel town” is home to the “Kodak Theater”.  It holds a 3,000 seating capacity and is likewise the permanent venue to the Academy Awards.  Aside from these famous theaters, there are also the Egyptian and Pantages Theaters.  These ones are in charge of featuring the “behind-the-scenes” of movies and such other related features.

To miss the integral part of our Hollywood travel which is the Hollywood Walk of Fame, is not a valid excuse.  It is a three and a half (3½) mile stretch of pointed stars along the sidewalk where famous names of the stars as well as those who people who have achieved a great contribution in the industry are embedded on it.

There can never be a Hollywood so popular without the award giving bodies that continuously recognizes the ingenuity, talent and abilities of actors and actresses as well as the people behind the film.  The most prestigious award giving body is the Hollywood’s Academy Awards or the “Oscars”.  It was founded in 1927 by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and was able to hold its first Awards night in 1929.  Below are some noteworthy dates that were memorable especially in Hollywood film making industry with regards to the Oscars:

  • 1972 – A special award was given to the legendary Charlie Chaplin;
  • 1983 – The British film “Gandhi” wins 8 Oscars;
  • 1988 – The film “The Last Emperor” wins 9 Oscars;
  • 1998 – “Titanic” wins 11 Oscars

Now let’s dive into some fun and interesting notes as well as information about our movies, stars and everything Hollywood.  Do you know that …?

  • The highest paid actor today is Mr. Hancock himself, Will Smith. He’s actually worth 80 million dollars a movie. (my, that’s a lot!).
  • The highest paid actress on the other hand is Cameron Diaz at 50 million dollars per movie.
  • During his visit to London, the ever so famous Charlie Chaplin once received 73,000 letters in just two days! (his eyes really must have got tired!)
  • Zorro’s Catherine Zeta Jones has a candy family business but did not mainly give-in to her “sweet cravings” in spite their house was full of it.
  • In order to see how well he acts, producers and film organizers had to push the “slow motion” button to see Bruce Lee in action (Eat your heart out Daphne!)
  • As convincing as she is when acting, Julia Roberts’ left eye really tears up when she is nervous.
  • Main movie characters are three times more likely to smoke than others in reality.
  • The exposure of the Marlboro brand in the movies in the 90’s was ten times more than other cigarette brands.
  • Pixar and Walt Disney’s may have not noticed this as there was a 2/3 increase of the inclusion of tobacco use in animated and children’s films in 1996-97.
  • Then film producer Hal Wallis once said that the only sure thing in show business is an Elvis Presley movie.
  • That the original title of the Elvis movie “Love me tender” was oddly coined as “The Reno Brothers”.
  • A film reviewer once commented on Elvis’ acting and said that the good-looking guy suffers from itchy underwear and hot shoes (which raised him to stardom).
  • In the classic movie “Godfather”, an orange is always seen somewhere in the scene before someone is killed
  • “The Jazz Singer” (1927) is the first film to introduce dialogues.
  • The first movie to show a woman wearing nothing but bra is “The Psycho” (1960).
  • The first Technicolor film was “The Gulf Between Us” (1917).
  • Hollywood’s most perfect couple, Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie are considered one of the most powerful actor and actress in the world by Guinness Book of Records
  • James Bond stars are mostly 6 feet above in height (Daniel Craig excluded. He’s 5’10).
  • And these major role players should be or must have an Irish blood.
  • The most expensive film ever made really wasn’t Titanic nor Spiderman 3 but the Leo Tolstoy classic “War and Peace”. If adjusted, it would cost a whopping $700 million!
  • John Rambo, Rocky Balboa and Sylvester Stallone all share the same birthday – July 6.
  • The real life Charlie Chaplin once tried out for a Charlie Chaplin look-alike contest.  He never won as he finished third.

The world of Hollywood entertainment and film industry has been keeping our eyes glued to our televisions sets and movie houses for such a long time already.  It has also been keeping the imaginations and unique talents of people who work in their realms busy.  Day in and day out, with or without war or depression or crisis of whatever kind, it is always so amazing to see how we could cope up with all these hardships through proper enjoyment and relaxation brought about by Hollywood in all its aspects.

NBA Fun Facts

101406058_b9a467d563

Wilt Chamberlain, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Julius “Dr. J” Erving, Earvin “Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, Michael “His Airness” Jordan, Allen Iverson, Shaquille O’ Neal, Kobe Bryant, Lebron James, David Stern etc.  Do these guys sound a bell?

Ask any strange and unknown guy around the block if he happens to know what makes these guys similar and you’ll get a quick respond:  NBA and Basketball, of course!

Since Canadian Dr. James Naismith’s invention of the sport in 1891, basketball has never been the same again.  Guys the world over has their eyes glued on their television sets when the sport is on it.  And there’s no better way to name a thing that associates to this famous sport than the NBA (National Basketball Association).

I.  History – The NBA had its early roots as the Basketball Association of America (BAA) which was established and founded in 1946.  And did you know that the idea of having the league established actually came from major ice hockey arena owners.  There were many attempts of “professionalizing” the sport by founding various leagues such as the American Basketball League but it was still BAA who were able to held games on most major cities.  The National Basketball Association finally got its name debut on NBAe 1946.  It has adopted the name after merging with its rival league, the National Basketball League.  Currently, NBA is one of the most premiere basketball league in North America, and ranks as the most popular in the world over.  It is composed of thirty (30) teams.  The introduction of foreign players in the league started in 1947 by a Japanese-American Knicks player, Wataru Misaka.  The NBA opened its doors for African-American players in 1950.  Since then, an increasing number of international players have started to move-in to play in NBA.

Other important dates in NBA history:

  • 1950 – Pistons vs. Lakers 19-18.  The lowest in NBA game history is made;
  • 1952 – NBA widens the free-throw lane from 6-12 feet;
  • 1954 – the introduction of the “shot-clock”;
  • 1964 – they again widened the foul lane from 12-16 feet (as players are getting bigger, I guess);
  • 1968 – NBA expands to 14 teams;
  • 1970 – NBA expands to 17;
  • 1974 – teams to 18;
  • 1976 – ABA teams-San Antonio, Dallas, Denver, and New York Nets joined in;
  • 1978 – Approval of the first franchise trade;
  • 1979 – Additional third referee is inserted in the game;
  • 1980 – Introduction of the three point line (There you go, Peja!); and,
  • May 1980 – NBA teams expands 23 teams.

And since our favorite sport has been piling tons of record books and been filling up the Guinness Book of Records in the sports section, we might as well, note some interesting facts about NBA’s teams, games and players.

II.  Teams. – Below are interesting facts about your favorite NBA team:

  • The first NBA title was won by the Philadelphia Warriors in 1947;
  • The team that won the most championship title is obviously, the Boston Celtics (15);
  • It is “the Airness” and the rest of the Chicago Bulls that holds the best playoff records, 72 wins and 10 losses (‘95-‘96 season);
  • And the worst comes from the Philadelphia 76ers, 9 wins, 73 losses in the ’72-’73 season. (Their coach must have been really sad…and mad at the same time!);
  • The Los Angeles Lakers holds the record for the longest winning streak – 33 games (must got tired of celebrating after that. I presume..);
  • The longest losing streak of 24 games comes from the Cleveland Cavaliers (that’s why Lebron is way too popular!);
  • The longest winning streak at home belongs to the nest of the Larry Bird, the Boston Celtics – 38 games.  They also hold the best record at home 40-1;
  • The first NBA game played outside North America was in Japan between Phoenix Suns and Utah Jazz; and,
  • It was the Atlanta Hawks who got to play first in the Soviet Union.  They won over the Soviet team by a single point 85-84.

III.  Players. – Now here’s the most exciting part…the individual feats.  Just a reminder everyone, what you are about to witness by reading below, are not in any way related to Superman or any Marvel hero you know…

A. Scoring

  • Still unbroken since 1962 is Wilt Chamberlain’s record of the player with the most number of points made in a single game: 100 points.  (Yup fellas, this guy’s got hot hands!).  He also holds the most points scored in one half – 59.;
  • Sir Wilt also holds the NBA player with most points in an NBA All-Star game – 42 points.  This feat is aside from the player with the most points per game average (50.4) and the most points scored in a NBA career (31,419).  He is considered as one of NBA’s greatest player and lives as an icon to his co-players and fans around the world.
  • A prototype of the scoring abilities and tremendous athletic talents of Mr. Chamberlain is Michael “his Airness” Jordan.   He is currently ranked 3rd in most points scored in his entire NBA career – 32,292 points.  The feat of the player of the most points per game belongs to him – 32.12 points per game.  He also has the most seasons leading scorer- 10 seasons.  (Do these guys ever get tired?)

B. Steals

  • NBA’s quick hands belong to Utah Jazz’s John Stockton as he holds the most steals in NBA career – 3,625.  A same tight spot is shared by Kendall Hill and Larry Kenon in a player with the most number of steals in a single game.  They are tied with 11 a piece.

C.  Rebounds

  • Wait a minute….is he really not a relative of superman?  Again, wilt Chamberlain lords over the rebound department in the NBA.  He has pulled a number of 24,934 rebound in his entire NBA career and enjoys the title of the player of having the most rebounds in a single game, 55. (Eat your heart out Dennis Rodman!)

D.  Blocks

  • 1973 was the year for Elmor Smith as he recorded the most blocks in a single game – 17.  “The Dream” Hakeem Olajuwon of the Houston Rockets have swatted a total of 3,830 basketballs in his entire NBA career.

E.  Assists

  • This department is mostly dominated by point guards in the NBA. the top three (3) players with the most assists in career are Utah’s John Stockton (15,806), Indiana’s Mark Jackson and Lakers’ Magic Johnson (10,141).
  • The most assists in one game belong to Scott Skiles.  He wowed everyone with his 30 assists.

One of the most prestigious awards that one gets in the NBA or on any basketball league aside from the championship crown is the Most Valuable Player (MVP).  Lakers’ Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Michael Jordan shares the top spot with the most MVPs.  No big deal, they just have six (6) each attached to their hats.

IV.  Facts, facts, facts…

  • Dallas Maverick’s Popeye Jones’ real first name isn’t Popeye,  its Ronald Jerome;
  • Houston’s Dikembe Mutombo’s real name is Dikembe Mutombo Mpolondo Mukamba Jean Jacques Wamutombo.  And this center man speaks seven (7) languages fluently;
  • Kobe Bryant added the numbers that he wore during his camp days (143) and came up with his then jersey number eight (8);
  • Boston’s Ray Allen is Walter Ray Allen in real life.
  • New Orleans’ Bonzi Wells’ real first name is Gawen.  It’s the same name that his father and brother shares (Now that’s a real closed family ties!)
  • In real life, Atlanta’s Mike Bibby and Boston’s Eddie House are brothers-in-law.
  • MVP Tim Duncan has a tattoo of Merlin the Magician on his back.
  • Quick and fancy passer from Miami, Jason Williams and NFL Patriot’s Randy Moss started on the same high school basketball team.
  • Gilbert Arenas’ pop once had bit acting parts in Miami Vice and Days of Our Lives TV shows.
  • Before going to Chicago, Lebron’s bald teammate Drew Gooden’s mother is Finnish by nationality.
  • As a kid, Shaq fell from a tree while imitating his favorite hero Spider-Man.  He fractured both of his wrists (those two huge ones!)
  • Boston’s Kevin Garnett’s wife is sister to the wife of RNB’s Jimmy Jam.
  • Rasheed Wallace has a daughter named “Rashiyah”.  He likewise had his championship ring he got from the Pistons, altered so that it would fit his middle finger.
  • Detroit’s Tayshaun Prince was born in Compton.
  • Piston’s Kwame Brown has a daughter named “Kwameeri”.

Aside from playing plenty of basketball day in and day out, the NBA being a large professional basketball league also has other programs that are beneficial not only to its players but also to its millions of avid fans.  They have this “NBA Cares” program.  The Mission of this program is to address important social issues around the US.  Since its establishment in October 2005, various teams and players have already raised more than $97 million.  In this umbrella project of the NBA, players through their popularity as well as the game’s, try to formulate outreach programs that could somehow effect positive change in the world.  Among the key social issues that they are geared on doing their programs are education, youth and family development, Health and wellness.

With the way the league has been keeping the basketball spirits of millions of fans around the world on an extreme level, it is an interesting fact to note that these guys are not here just to play the game or entertain at the same time.  The NBA is selfless in the sense that they are playing with the ball with heart.

Birthday Fun Facts

Part of me growing up as a kid was waiting every single morning for our neighborhood-friendly postman.  And if it wasn’t the mailman, it is whoever comes knocking at our door.  To a kid, a surprise is really a big deal.  Anyone that comes though our door aside from the members of the family is always a surprise for me.  Much so and intensity level brightens up my day especially when these people has something for me in return of my enthusiasm of opening the door and greeting them with my big smile.  What they usually have in store for me is a piece of paper.  My heart usually jumps out with joy as this piece of paper says that I’m required (by all means) to attend a special occasion.  For kids, there can be no other special occasion so dear and so sweeter than a Birthday! (That’s aside from Christmas, New Year’s Day, Easter Egg hunts, Halloween’s trick or treats, and lots more.)

Birthdays. Why do most people (especially kids) look forward of having and celebrating one?  What’s really in it that makes it so important in each one’s lives?  We’ll try to discuss everything about what you really want to know about birthdays.  Read on and please, don’t touch (or click) that browser…

1.  Meaning and History. “Birthday” is described by our sources, as the name given to the date of the annual event (anniversary) of a person’s birth.  It is a global or universal practice for people to celebrate this specific day.

During earlier times, people don’t have these birthday celebrations (how sad!) as they still don’t know how to keep track of the things that are happening around them.  What they initially had in mind were the basic ones (tracking time using their updated sun dials version 7.0.9).  It was when the talks about the cycle of the moon was brought up when the idea of keeping track of the changing of the seasons as well as of taking note and doing some markings regarding time changes on their tablatures-Pro (with plug-ins and upgrades), that the idea of having a birthday came to exist. (Note: their records then wasn’t equipped with set alarms yet)

2. Celebration. The history of celebrating birthdays are accounted way back as they were regarded as a form of protection from the evil spirits.  Ancient beliefs has it that a person is more prone to danger and more prone to provoke evil spirits  each time he or she turns a year older.  To prevent this from happening, the person’s friends and family would gather around bringing good cheers, thoughts and wishes.  They also give gifts to the birthday celebrant.  Giving more gifts to the celebrant wards off and scares the evil spirits.

In today’s modern world, a birthday isn’t a birthday without the celebration.  The usual greeting that a person who celebrates his or her birthday is of course, Happy Birthday to you!  For a kid, a birthday celebration cannot be much happier than celebrating it with family and friends.  A birthday party or celebration for everyone is generally celebrated with a Birthday cake.

2.1  Birthday Cake – There are actually a handful of information and data as to how our favorite birthday cake originated.  Some experts say that it was started by the Greeks.  They bake some round sweet bread that was later offered to heir Greek moon goddess Artemis.  Some scholars say that the idea of the birthday cake first came from our friends in Germany.  Sweet breads were made in commemoration of infant Jesus’ birthday.  These ancient German celebrations later emerged as “Kinderfest”, or the young child’s birthday celebration.

Like any other thing in history.  The birthday cake carries its own traditions and beliefs.  During medieval times in England, they include rings, coins and thimbles in the cake’s batter.  As the cake is shared and enjoyed by everyone, it was earlier believed that those who got the ring will mean wedding bells.  Those who got the coins mean a wealthier life and the unlucky one who received the thimble will remain unmarried for the rest of his life. (Better check with your bakers…)

2.2  Birthday Candles. A birthday cake would not be complete without the birthday candles.  Most likely, they signify the age of the celebrant.  The number of candles would more likely signify or tell how old the celebrant is.  (Note: It’s not always the case for older ones as they rather keep their ages to themselves rather than fill the entire cake with candles everywhere!)  Sources would tell that the main purpose of the candles being lighted during a birthday celebration during those times signify the offering of prayers to the gods.  Once a candle is lighted, the smoke will eventually go to heaven as these smokes were believed to contain our ancients’ prayers and wishes.  This also gave way to the birthday celebration practice of the celebrant making a wish before blowing the birthday candles.

2.3  Gifts. I remember when I was a kid attending a children’s birthday party.  The celebrant wouldn’t let me inside his house.  I was dressed in full attire for that occasion.  I even brought my invitation card in case some high profile security identification was required.  But still, I was not able to get in.  The main reason why?  I carried no birthday gift!  Nowadays, the ultimate reality or idea of a good birthday celebration is all about the gifts.  They were said to be given as to scare the evil spirits away during those times.  Nowadays, birthday gifts come in various ways: toys, clothes, jewelry, birthday cards, etc.  Gifts are now given to signify how thankful and how important the day is for the celebrant.

3.  Birthdays around the world. Upon seeing and learning the factors involving a good birthday celebration, its roots and significance, let’s now join the birthday parties being celebrated around the world…..

.1.  Africa – “Veels geluk met jou verjaarsdag!”  That is the way they greet an African birthday celebrant.  Children in Ghana are treated with “oto” on their birthdays.  “Oto” is a patty made from mashed sweet potatoes and eggs.  Some places in Ghana have this “krada” celebration.  A leaf soaked in water overnight is used to clean them.  They are believed to purify and cleanse the inner souls.

The Egyptians are much festive when a baby turns one year old.  Celebrations are done with music, fun and dance.  They likewise use fruits and flowers to decorate their places as these symbolize life and growth.

Kenya celebrates a different one as the mother wraps the child and brings the baby to a place where the cattle are kept.  It is there too that the father and their friends wait for their arrival and for the child’s christening.

Nigeria also has festive birthday celebrations were they celebrate it with roasted goats and cows on over a hundred of guests. (A food catering business maybe a big one there, I assume.)

3.2  Asia – In India, the hair of the child is removed upon reaching a year old (tonsure).  The celebrant child usually are made to wear colorful clothes and made to ask the blessings of the elders by touching their feet.  In school, birthday celebrants distribute chocolates to the whole class (That is sure a lot of sweets!).

Our Chinese pals have their own birthday celebration rendition.  Elders and family members gather around the one-year old child and bring toys such as books, dolls and coins.  It is believed that the child’s pursuit in life will depend on the object that he/she picks.

In Japan, your 3rd, 5th, and 7th birthdays count the most because you will get to participate in their annual “Seven-Five-Three” festival.  Participants usually visit shrines to thank God for their health and strength.

Our Nepal friends usually put a rice yogurt with color on the forehead of the child on his birthdays.  (Careful Ma, don’t place it while its hot!)

3.3  Europe – Our Friends in Germany call their children’s birthday celebrations as “Geburtstagsparty”.  The celebrants are treated in a good way for it’s a complete time-out from household chores and homework.  They prepare a wreath with a “lifecandle” that is lighted and kept burning all day.  The celebrants get to blow the candle after dinner.

Britain still practices the ancient way of celebrating birthdays by placing thimble and coins in the cake’s batter.  The on who will get the coin will be wealthy and the one who gets the thimble will never marry. (Pass the cake, please…)

Ireland has a funny way of celebrating birthdays.  Believed that it is for good luck, a child is lifted upside down and gets “bumped” on the floor!  These bumps will depend how old the child is.  An extra bump is also added for good luck (Ouch!)

Garlands are the decorations of a celebrant’s door in Lituania.  The same is made to sit into a well-decorated chair and is lifted by members of the family three times. (Long live!)

4.  Other facts you might ‘wanna know:

  • It was sisters Mildred and Patty Hill who wrote the melody of that chart-busting song of all time: the “Happy Birthday” song.
  • Those who were born on a leap year (February 29) usually celebrate their birthdays on the 1st day of March (Now, why didn’t I think of that…)
  • When you reach 80, 90 or 100 years old in England, you’ll receive a telegram from the Queen. (A party invitation, I presume)
  • In the US, the most common birth date is October 5 and May 22 as the least common.
  • The most expensive birthday celebration belongs to the Sultan of Brunei in his 50th Birthday last July 13, 1996.  He spent a whopping US$27.7 million.  (That amount for a birthday party?)
  • Tuesday is considered the day of the week where most babies are born.  Sunday is listed at the bottom.

Well, whatever or however we want our birthdays to be, festive, traditional or special, I guess we all have to thank whoever is responsible for giving us that additional healthy and good year in our lives.

7 different versions of Hell

2405613720_a65cec6de7

When I was a kid, my mother, as well as my granny always remind me to be good at all times.  Just like any of us, it’s a universal idea or a global mindset to always do good deeds to others.  Doing so will definitely give us rewards in the end.  Doing otherwise will solicit a very unnatural to the way things work in this world.  To some, there exist places for people to go depending on his acts (whether good or bad) when still living.  To some, it is just a mere collective idea of having to pay the consequences of your actions when you were still alive (considering that you already dead, I mean).  Although millions of information have come out in the past decades; tons of discourses, debates, various sides of the coin have been presented, ancient and modern ideas considered, that place that we all once knew to be the where the “dark side” is still uncertain up to know.  Aside from heaven, it is the place called Hell that I would like to consider giving thoughts about.

Accept it.  The mere mention or utterance of the word Hell gives us the chills in a way or another.  The word connotes the extreme side of good – bad.  So bad it is sometimes referred to as a curse. Most of us get frightened, afraid or worried upon hearing this word.  But what is it, by the way?  Different religions are the ones who talks about it extensively and to think that they are also the same groups that argue much about it most of the time.  As much as we don’t want any of these arguments roving around, we’ll discuss their different and unique versions of Hell.  Though it may seem a serious topic, touching them on a lighter and on a simpler method won’t send us directly to hell, would we?

Hell and what it means. The “wikis” that we have on the internet explains and defines hell in the religious context.  They further said that hell is some existing place that a person goes to after life.  Not unlike any other place, hell is one that is a place of suffering.  It is often construed that the amount or intensity of sufferings made in this place purely relies on the sins that a person committed when he was alive.  But anyways, to be discussed below are concepts or versions of Hell as seen from seven (7) different religions.

1. Christianity. It is considered as the most well-talked and probably the most well-believed and accepted notion of hell.  Christians firmly believe that there are certain places that a person goes after death and hell is basically one of them.  Hell is a place for sufferings.  It is where you suffer as a consequence for all the sins you’ve made when you were alive.  In the Christian Bible, the teachings and ideas of hell’s existence are mostly found on the New Testament.  Further, it is described on the New Testament using Greek words such as “Tartarus” and “Gehenna”.  “Tartarus” in Greek mythology is referred to as a deep, sad and dark place used as a dungeon to those who are suffering beneath the “underworld”.  Gehenna on the other hand, is a Jewish term which is equivalent to Christianity’s hell (will be discussed later).  It is in the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Luke, John & Mark) that hell is mostly discussed.  A picture of hell is drawn as a place of darkness, weeping and gnashing of teeth (Mark 9: 43-49).  Aside from these gospels, hell is later described in the New Testament as a place that has something to do with death, judgment, condemnation, wrath, destruction, never ending fire and eternal damnation.  (Now that’s a place nobody would want to be into, I suppose!)  The New Testament also made mention of the Greek word Hades, which has also something to do with Hell.  It was described as some place where punishments are made in a lake of fire.  Christians firmly and strongly believe on the notion that a person will definitely go to hell (such, is the curse) and pay to suffer eternally for the sins he has committed.  The Catholic’s highest priest, the Pope (specifically Pope John Paul II) simply described and pictured hell as a place that is empty and sad.  In a more simplified way, it is a place where the presence of God is nowhere to be found.

2.  Protestantism. Protestantism traditions and practices tell that Hell is a God-created place where devils and fallen angels are punished.  Hell is also the place to go to people who were not listed or written in the book of life.  It’s a place for those who are not credited with salvation.  Protestants also believed that the people in hell will receive eternal suffering come the Final Judgment.  (Get in line folks and have your reservations…)

3. The Seventh-day Adventists. These religious practitioners are not that brutal in nature.  They depict that a person who has just died undergoes the process of deep sleep and it is on Jesus Christ’s second coming that souls of those “sleeping” will be called.  It is the sinners that will suffer and eventually destroyed by eternal fire together with Satan here on Earth.  Their belief in the existence of hell is not that clear, but instead of the sufferings of the wicked and the sinners.

4.  Islam.  Islam’s Jahannam. It is the Islamic equivalent to Hell.  The Qur’an (Muslim’s Bible equivalent) further describes it as one of the places where one goes to and it is only God (Allah) who knows who will go to Jahannam or to Janah (Paradise for them).  It is in Jahannam where non-believers or those who only pretend to believe in Allah will go.  Jahhannam is also, according to Muslims, the place for the unfaithful ones.  Because of their unfaithfulness, it is in Jahannam that they will be punished.  However, the Muslims further believe that those who are in Jahannam will eventually be forgiven.  Exemptions on forgiveness are also available in Jahannam as those Muslims who committed shrik (Polytheism – having more Gods than Allah, in Muslim’s terms), will be condemned to stay eternally at Jahannam (that’s free of charge, free use of amenities, complimentary drinks and free breakfasts).

Islam’s idea of suffering for the consequences of one’s sins as well as its concept of Hell is quite different.  They believed that Hell is divided into different levels.  Each level is divided in manner that the same are based on the sins or actions one has done in his life.  And the manner of punishment in these levels would depend on how “bad” you were before.  (It’s time to be good guys!)

It is universally and generally presumed that Hell is some place that really hot.   A Jahannam version is hell quite different.  It a deep place, according to the other Islamic traditions where extreme coldness can be felt.  If you happen to have committed a crime or a sin against God, and also happen to like ice creams and brain freezes, then Zamhareer is the place to be.  It is known to have snows, blizzards, eternal ice and coldness that no one could endure.  (Anyways, better get those fur coats ready…)  The lowest level of Hell for Muslims is the Hawiyah.  In this level, you will find hypocrites, two-faced practitioners of the religion and those half-hearted believers of Allah.

Not to be spared and set aside are those beliefs from our religious practitioners from the East

5. Buddhism. The Buddhistic view.  The concept of hell for the Buddhist religion (Buddhism) is best envisioned in the word Naraka.  Religious experts say that Buddhism’s Naraka is entirely different from the western religious concepts of hell.  Naraka differs in two aspects.  Firstly, one does not go to Naraka as a consequence, a punishment or a verdict on a certain judgment.  Secondly, a stay or visit in Naraka is not eternal.  In Buddhism, Naraka is the lowest level of the realms of rebirth. Apart from these rebirth realms, there also exist hell realms.  The lowest in these hell realms is the Avici.  Sins committed against Buddha are believed to come from Avici which means endless suffering.  According to Buddhist practitioners, a being or a person is placed in Naraka as a result of previous karma (actions of the person).  The Naraka dwelled person will stay there until his karma attains its full result.  Upon achieving this, a person will be reborn to another realm of unfinished or unachieved karma in his life.  In reality and in a more common way of explaining, being into a state or realm of hell is, to Buddhism, is the experiencing of extreme fear and anguish.

6.  Hinduism. In Hindu’s eyes.  Hinduism, much like the Buddhists, also shares the concept of Naraka in some ways or another.  Hell to them is also Naraka or a low spiritual world.  They further adhere to the notion that it is through this lower world that spirits are judged.  And just like in the western concepts, a person goes to hell and is punished for the sins he committed.  Hindu Scriptures such as the Puranas clearly accounts Hindu’s hell as some court that is presided by the god of death, Yamaraj.  A sidekick of him is present and is the one responsible for the safekeeping of detailed accounts of the sins committed- Chitragupta (I never knew they were so, organized!).  Sinners are punished according to the judgment made by Yamaraj.  Punishments are either torture using weapons, dipping in boiling oil, burning in fire, etc. (Did I mentioned that reading this article is also one of the punishments?)

7.  Taoism. For Taoists, they don’t really embrace much on the idea of Hell.  In many ways than one, Taoists believe that hell exist when humans are punished as a result of a wrongdoing or sins committed.  This is the notion of Karma for them.

Whatever we believed or conceived it to be, may it be a place, a realm, a hot or cold world beyond, it is for sure Hell as it is and obviously don’t want to be in it.  Generally, it would definitely be a no-no for us if invited there.  And I further presume this global idea that doing what you think is good for yourself especially for others even on your own humble way, is a step farther away from the idea of having to suffer eternally in Hell.  (That’s one hell of a piece, isn’t it?)